Common Paediatric Orthopaedic Issues
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) refers to a spectrum of disorders of hip instability producing dislocation and imaging features of poor acetabular development. DDH results from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Associated gene defects occur in the transforming growth factor beta superfamily necessary for normal bone and joint development. Highest risk (in babies) in breech presentation and positive family history. Prevalence is higher in firstborn and females. Early detection is vital; left undiagnosed, it’s one of the leading causes of early-onset arthritis of the hip and possibly the need for a hip replacement. This is a significant public health issue (in Australia).
Scoliosis is a word used to describe the most common type of spinal curvature. Severe scoliosis is a painful and debilitating condition that tends to worsen with age. About three children out of every 1000 have scoliosis that need medical treatment.
- Recognise early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)
- Identify risk factors, clinical examination and radiographic findings of DDH
- Differentiate between physiologic postural variations and pathologic orthopaedic conditions
- Discuss the principles of detection and management of scoliosis
- Presenter(s):Gary Nattrass
- Duration:47.17 min
- Activity ID:159189
- QI&CPD Points:2